Transport consumes one-third of all final energy in the EU, mainly fossil fuel. This means that transport is responsible for a large share of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions and a major contributor to climate change. While most other economic sectors have reduced their emissions since 1990, those from transport have risen. They now account for more than one-quarter of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Transport is a key source of environmental pressures in the municipalities and contributes to climate change, air pollution, and noise.
Sustainable mobility is generally defined as that mobility compatible with human and environmental health. If unsustainable transport significantly contributes to climate changing and has a negative effect on people’s health, trains, buses, bicycles, and electric cars significantly reduce CO2 emissions and make our cities more livable.
With growing freight and passenger transport, the risk of pollution and congestion risk is increasing. We need to work towards a form of mobility that is sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful of the environment. The aim is to reduce the adverse effects connected to mobility. This means, above all, promoting co-modality, i.e. optimally combining various modes of transport within the same transport chain. Technical innovations and a shift towards the least polluting and most energy efficient modes of transport — especially in the case of long distance and urban travel — will also contribute to more sustainable mobility.
The transition to sustainable transport is also an issue of behavioural change at the individual, societal and company level. Energy agencies have to set the example and show that it is possible to change habits without too much effort.
FEDARENE’s Mobility Working Group is chaired by our Vice-President Christel Liljegren.
Transport to and within Europe must become sustainable. In order to reach this goal, all actors in society must work actively to reduce emissions through improved efficiency and technology as well as changed behaviour. We, all the regional Energy Agencies in Europe, have the knowledge to support, operate and manage the work towards a sustainable transport system.Christel Liljegren, Vice-President for Mobility and Transport