In 2017, the EU reached a share of 17.52% of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption. In December 2018, the EU presented the new Renewable Energy Directive, which establishes a new binding renewable energy target for the EU for 2030 of at least 32%, with a clause for a possible upwards revision by 2023. Also, Member States must now require fuel suppliers to supply a minimum of 14% of the energy consumed in road and rail transport by 2030 as renewable energy.
The share of renewable energy in energy consumption increased continuously between 2004 and 2017, from 8.5 % to 17.5 %. Currently, the Europe 2030 target is 32% by 2030. While the overall share of renewables being used to meet the energy needs of EU member states has doubled since 2005, the rate of adoption is slowing down. If that trend continues it could cause several member states, and possibly the whole EU, to miss its 2030 target of renewable contribution. FEDARENE is supporting the European and regional initiatives of its members on renewable energy sources to ensure the achievement of these targets.
In the coming years, we will have to increase significantly the share of renewable energy sources. This should first be done through electricity generation, but we must also act on the demand side towards a progressive electrification of the economy, with significant efforts in the transport and heating&cooling sectors. Self-consumption will experience a tremendous increase, and topics such as adequate electricity international connections, electricity storage or hydrogen production and use will be increasingly necessary as RES-e generation boosts.Ricardo Gonzalez Mantero, Vice-President for Renewable Energy